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The great Roman historian Titus Livius (d. 17 AD) wrote his Ab Urbe Condita in 142 books, divided into 'decades' of ten books each. During the Middle Ages only decades I and III-IV were known. Jean le Bon, king of France (1350-1364) commissioned a French translation from Pierre Bersuire, friend of Petrarch, of all of Livy that was known at that time. It was the first translation of any major classical author into French (1358). The present manuscript offers everything that the Middle Ages are supposed to be: battles, jousts, knights, armour, castles, trumpeters, kings, maidens, banquets and so on, in a profusion of colour and chivalric splendour. The makers of this manuscript are not only named but there is also a self-portrait of the artist, Maître Henri d'Orquevaulx, and a portrait of the scribe, along with the portrait of their patron, Jean III de Vy (d. 1449), écuyer and échevin of Metz.