ArtworksClose1/2Gebetbuch im Dialekt von Köln und UmgebungDeutschland, Köln (?), c. 1486Die Handschrift wurde vermutlich in Köln geschrieben, in der Volkssprache und mit den Lokalheiligen in roter Schrift. Die kodikologischen, linguistischen und textlichen Merkmale dieses Gebetbuchs sprechen ebenfalls für eine Entstehung im niederländisch-deutschen Grenzgebiet des Niederrheins.1of 3Ein schönes Gebetbuch aus Köln für die private Andacht eines männlichen BesitzersOverview
This work has been sold.
This manuscript's script, the littera hybrida is a mixture of scripts, combining features of both littera textualis and littera cursive, with a ‘simple’ a and with descending hastes of f and long s, and with straight hastes of b, h, k and l. This script grew to be the ‘national’ script of the Low Countries, where it became most common for books in the circles of the Devotio Moderna (except for liturgical books). This reform movement, which had spread from Deventer since the early 15th century, also influenced texts to a large extent. Their devotees' prayers often ended with a confession of trust in God the Father, Christ, Mary, or a choice of saints and then expressed his or her personal piety. For them, all earthly afflictions were tolerable if only they would lead to eternal glory in heaven. Manuscripts of this type are thus a kind of personal creed, shown here in the ‘ich’ and ‘mijnre’, ‘voir ons’, ‘wir’. The recurrence of male forms suggesting the book was made for a man.
Ideas, usages and texts promoted by the Modern Devotionalists were dispersed via the Congregation of Windesheim – a form of centralized government under a prior general. In Cologne specifically, the Augustinian Canons of the monastery of Herrenleichnam belonged to the Congregation of Windesheim since the middle of the 15th century, and, at the same time, the Fraterhaus of St. Michael zum Weidenbach was a foundation influenced directly by the Brothers of the Common Life in Deventer and Münster. Both houses were involved in manuscript production.
This manuscript's high quality miniatures are executed by two accomplished artists.