Devoted to commemorating the important moments of the Life of Christ, the Proprium de Tempore begins this beautiful Antiphonal. Used from Christmas Day to the Pentecost and summer feasts, the Tempore in this volume was undoubtedly in use for a long time, as its original tabs marking the different sections were replaced in the late 19th century, likely due to frequent use. Also contained within this wonderfully-bound manuscript is the services of the saints, suggesting that this book was made for a Franciscan order, whose tradition it was to keep the saints with the Tempore.
The high-quality miniatures and historiated initials in this codex imply a high cost and value: the Franciscan order that assembled this book, one of twelve, was surely a wealthy, secure one, as illuminated manuscripts in the mid-16th century were seen as an uneconomical luxury.
Not only is the medium highly expensive, but the miniatures throughout this Antiphonal were created by multiple artists, perhaps increasing the cost further, The Resurrection miniature, the Salvator Mundi, and the scene of Simon gazing at the Christ child all exhibit a skilled, dynamic artistic hand, and the style and palette on display are influenced by Mannerist inclinations, perfected in the papal court at this time.
See this item in our catalogue Parchment and Gold.